Aspect Ratios In Photography Composition, Cropping And Editing

Aspect Ratios In Photography Composition, Cropping And Editing

aspect ratios in photography

Aspect Ratios

An aspect ratio is a relationship between the width and the height of a photograph. Most DSLR and MIRRORLESS cameras have a default setting of 3X2.  Sometimes 5X4.

Example Of Aspect Ratios

If your camera takes photos at 6000 X 4000 pixels, this is a 3:2 format. The ratio is always simplified to its lowest numbers...

6000 x 4000 = 6 x 4 = 3 x 2

If your camera takes photos at 5000 X 4000, this is simplified to 5 X 4. 

5000 x 4000 = 5 x 4

Cropping

Cropping is selecting a portion of the image you'd like to keep and "cropping" the rest out.  Deleting it!  In post-production, you can remove parts of a photograph to improve framing or fit the desired ratio.

Editing, Cropping & Aspect Ratios

Sometimes a content creator or editor may have a 6000 X 4000-pixel photo, but the project they're working on requires a different aspect ratio. They CROP the photo to get the ratio they desire...

Examples of Common Crop Sizes

A 3 x 2 Crop – A Common Default Aspect Ratio for Most Cameras

= 6 X 4, 12 X 8, 15 X 10 and more

A 5 x 4 Crop – A Common Aspect Ratio in Headshots & Portraits

= 8 X 10, 16 X 20 and more

A 16 x 9 Crop – The most Common Aspect Ratio in Video

=1920 X 1080 (video), 3840 X 2160

Cropping For Composition

One of the most common reasons for cropping is to strengthen the composition.

If a portion of the photo near the edge is distracting (maybe a port-a-john!) you can crop it out.  Just not include it!

If your main subject is centered in the frame, you may decide to crop in order to place the subject on the rule of thirds line.

Take-A-Way

Its always better to frame things up the way you want, and keep all of those pixels!  You probably spent a lot of money on those pixels.  Do what you can to keep ALL OF THEM!



Leave a comment


Also in Free Online Lessons

Image Branding Strategy Session Notes & Outline
Image Branding Strategy Session Notes & Outline

A BRAND is more than a logo, website, tagline, content (images) or copy

Read More

Hashtag Strategy Talking Points & Session Notes
Hashtag Strategy Talking Points & Session Notes

Hashtags

A word used to broadcast a post, media or idea on social media.

Read More

Tips & Tricks For Amazing SmartPhone Photography
Tips & Tricks For Amazing SmartPhone Photography

Read More